NurseSim

Administering Eye Drops

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Eye (ophthalmic) drops may be used for a variety of reasons, including to:

  • keep the eye moist
  • constrict or dilate the pupil for diagnosis
  • anaesthetise the eye
  • stain the cornea to identify abrasions and scars
  • reduce inflammation
  • prevent or treat eye conditions such as glaucoma or infection.

The use of gloves for this procedure will depend on the reason for administering the medication. However, gloves are recommended if there is a potential for contact with bodily secretions.

Caution should be used when administering eye drops as they can cause adverse systemic effects and allergic reactions (Joanna Briggs Institute 2016).

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